Issue of May 12, 2019
Mt. Province

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DOH says diarrhea cases decrease by 20 percent
by PIO release

The Department of Health-Cordillera reported that the number of acute diarrhea suspects in the region for the first 16 weeks this year dropped by 20 percent compared with the figures recorded during the same reckoning period last year.

Based on a report obtained from the DOH Regional Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, there were 401 acute diarrhea suspects reported by the different district health units in the region from January to April this year compared with the 551 cases reported during the same period last year.

Karen Lonogan, senior health program officer of the DOH- RESU, said that there was one death reported due to acute diarrhea compared with the zero diarrhea-related death last year.

The acute bloody diarrhea cases were reported in Benguet with 206 cases; Mountain Province, 119 cases; Ifugao, 53 cases; Baguio City, 48 cases; Kalinga, four cases; Abra and Apayao, two cases each; and six cases from non-Cordillera provinces.

According to the report, more males were affected with acute bloody diarrhea and the age of patients ranged from one month to 102 years old.

Laboratory results show that entamoeba histolytica was the most common microorganism seen on the stool samples submitted by the patients.

Lonogan said that clustering of acute diarrhea cases were noted in Benguet and Mountain Province, which raised concern among health authorities that led them to intensify their information, education, and communication campaign against the illness.

Most cases of acute, watery diarrhea are caused by viruses (viral gastroenteritis). The most common ones in children are rotavirus and norovirus in adults (this is sometimes called “cruise ship diarrhea” due to well publicized epidemics). Bacteria are a common cause of traveler’s diarrhea.

Chronic diarrhea is classified as fatty or malabsorption, inflammatory or most commonly watery. Chronic bloody diarrhea may be due to inflammatory bowel disease, which is ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.

Other less common causes include ischemia of the gut, infections, radiation therapy and colon cancer or polyps. Infections leading to chronic diarrhea are uncommon, with the exception of parasites.

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