Issue of April 7, 2019
Mt. Province

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Mapping of historical sites in CAR begins
by Marlo T. Lubguban

The Regional Development Council through the National Economic Development Authority and the Mountain Province State Polytechnic College (MPSPC) experts from the six provinces shared their knowledge on sites and accompanying marker that best exemplify the Cordillera’s history of self-determination and pursuit of regional autonomy.

The regional workshop held in Baguio is part of a three-year partnership of the RDC and MPSPC. Provincial workshops were held since 2017 in the six Cordillera provinces and Baguio where community elders, leaders, local academics, LGU officers, and tourism officers provided their insights on both well-known and obscure but significant historical sites relevant to the region’s history of colonial resistance, self-determination, ili – level autonomy, and the more recent pursuit of regional autonomy.

Three sites best exemplify the project: the municipality of Sadanga in Mountain Province, Licuan-Baay in Abra, and Camp John Hay in Baguio City.

Sadanga is a place where community leaders frequently met, who later united and formed the movement to pursue regional autonomy for the Cordillera. The second phase of the Chico River dam project was planned to be built here near the barangays of Anabel and Betwagan in Sadanga.

Another site is in Licuan-Baay where the Cordillera Peoples’ Liberation Army (CPLA) led by Fr. Conrado Balweg was ambushed en route to Bangued by the New Peoples’ Army in 1987.

Eight members of the CPLA were killed. One participant of the workshop, Paulina Sawadan, was with Fr. Balweg and his men during that day and avoided the ambush by riding ahead with accompanying media and government workers.

Sites were chosen not only for their relation to   the resistance of the ‘70s and ‘80s but for the whole history of Cordilleran self-determination.

Thus, participants also included sites such as the current land area of Camp John Hay as a part of the lands of Mateo Cariño, an Ibaloi tribal leader.

Cariño fought for the attainment of ancestral domain claims in the United States Supreme Court. His victory in claiming ancestral domain for indigenous peoples set a precedent not only for indigenous peoples in the Philippines but all over the world.

The participants listed a total of 21 sites where markers are to be placed all over the Cordillera spanning from sites during colonial times and WWII to the more recent sites related to the pursuit of regional autonomy. MPSPC and the RDC plan to validate and finalize the sites and marker design within 2019.

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Philippine National Police – Police Regional Office – CAR
R.A Gapuz Review Center

Baguio Central University
Baguio Country Club
Benguet Electric Cooperative Inc.
Congressman Mark Go
Data Center of the Philippines of Baguio City, Inc.
Department of Health – CAR
Kings’ College of the Philippines
Mayor Benjamin B. Magalong
Pines City Colleges
Sangguniang Panlungsod
SM City Baguio
Social Security System
Veterans Bank

Albergo Hotel and Residences
Baguio Center Mall
Baguio Water District
C & Triple A Supermart
Congressman Nestor B. Fongwan
Curamed Pharmacy
Department of Agriculture – CAR
Department of Environment and Natural Resources – CAR
Ganza & Solibao Restaurants
GMS Technology
Governor Melchor D. Diclas
John Hay Management Corporation
Mayor Romeo K. Salda
MMS Development Training Center Corporatino
Mother Earth Deli Basket
Philipppine Science High School
Regional Development Council – CAR

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